The Volvo Parts, Accessories &
Performance Specialists Since 1963

Volvo S60 (P5)

2019 - 2024 - P5 Platform

The global financial crisis in 2008 brought difficult times for the automotive industry, as cash-tight and credit-strapped customers bought dramatically fewer cars. Collapsing sales triggered a wave of bankruptcies, sales, and consolidations, with many old nameplates like Pontiac and Saab disappearing forever. Volvo, under Ford ownership, was seeing strong new product launches with its P1 compact and P3 mid- and full-size platforms, but even they saw sales shrink, becoming a liability for their corporate parent. In 2009, Ford thus sold Volvo to Geely Automotive, with the deal finalized and completed by 2010. 

By this time, Volvo had begun initial development of its next common car platform: "Scalable Product Architecture" or SPA. Designed for mid-to-full-size cars, this new platform (also sometimes called "P5") would be paired with new "Volvo Engine Architecture" VEA four cylinder engines, making all new Volvos constructed from the same building blocks.

With the specter of climate change and resource scarcity looming on the horizon, SPA and VEA were designed from the outset to support easy electrification. The "spine" of the car can mount a high capacity battery pack, and there's baked-in support for engine start-stop with an integrated starter/generator, hybrid and full electric drive, and plug-in, high voltage charging.

After the launch of the next generation of their bread-and-butter XC90 3-row crossover SUV and the S90 and V90 large sedan and wagon, Volvo released the next generations of the midsize S60 and V60 in 2019. Like their larger stablemates, these featured a host of advanced new technologies: Sensus touchscreen infotainment and navigation, "Thor's Hammer" headlights, automatic braking, self-driving features like lane-keeping and adaptive cruise control, BLIS blind spot monitoring, and hybrid electric drive on T8 models.

As with all SPA cars in the USA, the S60 is exclusively powered by VEA (also sometimes badged "DRIVe", pronounced "drive eee") 2.0L inline four engines paired with Aisin-Warner TG-81 8-speed automatic transmissions, either in turbocharged "T5" or twin-charged (turbo- and supercharged) "T6" trims.

In the range-topping "T8" (known from 2021 as the "T8 Recharge" to emphasise the plug-in aspect of the plug-in hybrid drivetrain), the twin-charged four cylinder is paired with hybrid electric drive to bring overall power output to over 400hp. Besides the brisk pace, this hybrid drive also serves as the S60's AWD system, with the electric motor on the rear axle taking the place of the T5 and T6's Haldex-derived AWD driveshaft and AOC to drive the rear wheels under heavy acceleration or when front wheel slip is detected.

New in 2022 to the S60 (and its XC60 platform stablemate) is a high-voltage mild hybrid system in the B5 trim, replacing both the T5 and the T6. The more powerful 48-volt electrical system in place of the standard 12V system enables the use of an integrated starter-generator, which captures deceleration/braking energy and adds some electric assist back to the engine when accelerating away from a stop. With this change, every S60 model from the base B5 to the top-of-the-line Polestar Engineered T8 Recharge is now at least partially electrified.

Despite the little 2-liter VEA engine being a "highly stressed" unit (producing as much as 360hp in some forms!), we've found the complete powertrain package of SPA cars like the S60 to be pretty dependable in service, provided scheduled maintenance items like the timing belt are replaced at the proper interval and using the proper tools. Early SPA cars had some electrical and software gremlins with accessories and advanced systems like the self-driving technologies and infotainment, but newer cars and cars that have seen dealer service to iron out the kinks have matured nicely.

  • Third-generation S60
  • Midsize 4-door sedan based on the Volvo P5 (also called "SPA") platform
  • Sold in the USA from the 2019 model year to present
  • Available in the USA with 2.0L inline four "VEA" (also called "modular" or "DRIVe") engines
    • T5 models (turbocharged):
      • 2019-2021: B4204T23
    • B5 models (turbocharged, 48-volt mild hybrid with Integrated Starter-Generator)
      • 2022-present: B420T2
    • T6 models ("twin-charged", turbo- and supercharged):
      • 2019-2021: B4204T27
    • T8 "Recharge" models (twin-charged electric hybrids):
      • 2019-present: B4204T28
      • 2019-present: B4204T39 (Polestar Engineered models)
  • Aisin-Warner TG-81 8-speed automatic transmission on all models
    • TG-81SC on T5 and T6 models
    • TG-81SD on T8 models
    • AWF8G45 on B5 models
  • Available AWD on all models, standard on T6 and T8:
    • Haldex-derived AWD available on B5, T5, and T6 models
    • "Through the road hybrid" AWD on T8 models, with the electric motor driving the rear wheels and the gasoline engine driving the front wheels
  • Available Polestar Engineered sport package on the T8, with stiffer suspension and special interior and exterior trim
  • Available R-Design, Inscription, and Momentum trim and appearance packages
  • T8 Recharge models are plug-in hybrids, able to charge the onboard hybrid battery via a charging socket and drive around 20 miles on electric power alone

Model information is based on the USA vehicle market. Other model variations may exist outside the USA.

Here are some popular products for Volvo S60 (P5)