The Volvo Parts
The Volvo Parts Specialists Since 1963 The Volvo Parts, Accessories & Performance Specialists Since 1963
The Volvo Parts, Accessories &
Performance Specialists Since 1963

Explaining Camber, Caster & Toe

2011-03-03 - IPD Staff

Caster is the angle at which your wheels are connected to your car’s suspension, much like the rake on the front forks of a motorcycle. Caster adjustments translate into steering effort. The greater the positive degree of caster, the more strength it takes to steer the car at low speeds, but the car is more stable at higher speeds. Knowing how you typically drive (around town? mostly highway?) is key to adjusting the caster.

Camber is the angle at which the top of the tire is tipped in (or out) in comparison to the bottom of the tire. Camber adjustments can help a vehicle compensate for older or softer springs, or for carrying a heavy load. It is also the adjustment most responsible for even tire wear.

Toe is the adjustment that is most critical to the forward movement of the tire. If the front leading edge of the tire is splayed out, the toe score is in the negative range (-). If the leading edge is turned in, the score is in the positive range (+). If a vehicle had a negative toe on the left front tire, and a positive toe on the right front tire, it would be in a “perpetual turn,” reflected by the car’s tendency to drift in one direction.

Every one of these adjustments represents a safety factor not just a performance factor (and there’s an economic factor if you’re going through tires rapidly).

IPD is the Volvo Parts, Accessories and Performance Specialists Since 1963.

We offer a wide variety of high quality replacement, maintenance and restoration car parts plus our own line of heavy duty and performance products. Our custom built online parts catalog features Genuine, OE, OES, OEM, Aftermarket and IPD branded replacement auto parts.

Combine our unmatched 50+ year reputation with our outstanding customer service team and you can be confident we'll be here to serve your Volvo needs long in to the future. Not many others can match our knowledge and dedication to providing the very best customer service in the market. We have a physical location, live customer service agents you can call and extensive inventory so we can ship products to you quickly. Our customer and vehicle first approach means that your experience is our first priority. We have truly hassle-free returns and provide do-it-yourself (DIY) guides and videos for many of our products.

Local: 503.257.7500 | Toll-free: 800.444.6473

Monday-Friday | 8:30 AM to 5:00 PM PST